艺术影视类申请-艺术设计类

这几年,申请时装设计,纯艺术(FINE ARTS),平面设计,珠宝设计,电影制作,导演等专业的学生越来越多,和这样学生探讨他们的申请也格外有激情, 有意思。无论是他们的生活成长背景,艺术学习经历,还是让他们无比自豪的作品展示,为这样学生做申请准备都充满了责任感,成功拿到录取的喜悦和成就感可想而知。接下来的几篇博客想和大家分享我做艺术类申请的总结,经历和心得。先从设计类和纯艺术(fine art)开始。

Design Disciplines
从设计的分类来看,我们最比较熟悉的是时尚设计,工业设计,产品设计和动画设计。其中工业设计涵盖范围最广的,申请人数最多的
 
注:如下对与工业设计的介绍涵盖了interior design, product design等design分支。
 
定义

1970年国际工业设计协会ICSID(International Council of Societies of Industrial Design)为工业设计下了一个完整的定义:“工业设计,是一种根据产业状况以决定制作物品之适应特质的创造活动。适应物品特质,不单指物品的结构,而是兼顾使用者和生产者双方的观点,使抽象的概念系统化,完成统一而具体化的物品形象,意即着眼于根本的结构与机能间的相互关系,其根据工业生产的条件扩大了人类环境的局面。”

 
分类
广义的工业设计包括三大领域:
  • 产品设计(交通工具设计,生活类用品设计,电子类产品设计等)
  • 环境艺术设计(室外环境规划,室内装饰设计等)
  • 视觉传达设计(企业识别系统,使用者接口设计等)
狭义的工业设计一般专指产品设计。它主要包括:
  • 交通工具设计(车辆,飞行器,船艇等)
  • 设备仪器设计(工业设备,生产机器,医疗设备及仪器,工程仪器工具等)
  • 生活用品设计(文具,灯具,餐具、螺丝刀、钳子等)
  • 家具设计(桌子,椅子,床,沙发)
  • 电子产品设计(数码类产品,电脑,电子手表,家用电器等)
  • 家电设计(例如:微波炉、洗衣机、家用灯具)
  • 其他类(玩具人机接口)
世界范围中比较突出的工业设计奖项
 
 
著名国内外工业设计大学
中国大学工业设计专业排名
  
 
名次
院校
院校名称
地区
始建日期及带头人
1
清华大学(211,985)
北京
1984年 / 柳冠中
2
湖南长沙
3
同济大学(211,985)
上海
1986年 / 殷正声,
朱钟炎
3
江南大学(211)
江苏无锡
1960年 / 张福昌
5
浙江大学(211,985)
浙江杭州
1992年 / 潘云鹤
6
北京理工大学(211,985)
北京
1984年 / 张乃仁
7
广州美术学院工业设计系
广州美术学院(七大美院)
广东广州
1984年 / 童慧明
7
中国美术学院工业设计系
中国美术学院(七大美院)
浙江杭州
1994年 /赵阳
9
上海交通大学媒体与设计学院
上海交通大学(211,985)
上海
1994年 /刘国余
10
中央美术学院工业设计系
中央美术学院(七大美院)
北京
1998年 / 许平
10
武汉理工大学艺术与设计学院
武汉理工大学(211)
湖北武汉
1987年 / 陈汗青
 
美国大学工业设计专业排名
 
1
 
艺术中心设计学院Art Center College of Design
帕萨迪纳
/
2
 
罗德岛设计学院Rhode Island School of Design
普罗维登斯
/
3
 
卡内基梅隆大学Carnegie Mellon University
匹兹堡
/
4
 
普拉特学院Pratt Institute
布鲁克林
/
5
 
俄亥俄州立大学Ohio State University
哥伦布
/
6
 
辛辛那提大学University Of Cincinnati
辛辛那提
/
7
 
卡尔布鲁克艺术学院Cranbrook Academy of Art
底特律
/
8
 
加州艺术学院California College of the Arts
奥克兰
/
8
 
罗切斯特理工大学Rochester Institute of Technology
罗切斯特
/
10
 
亚利桑那州立大学Arizona State University
坦佩
/
10
 
伊利诺伊大学香槟分校University of Illinois Urbana Champaign
尚佩恩
/
 
美国大学艺术类大学平面设计排名
  1 Rhode Island School of Design
  2. Yale University (CT)
  3. Cranbrook Academy of Art (MI)
  4. Art Center College of Design (CA)
  5Virginia Commonwealth University
  6. Carnegie Mellon University (PA)
  7. North Carolina State University
  8. University of Illinois–Urbana-Champaign
  9. Pratt Institute (NY)
  10 School of Visual Arts (NY)
  11. New School Univ.–Parsons School of Design (NY)
  12 University of Cincinnati
  13. California Institute of the Arts
  14 Rochester Institute of Technology (NY)
  15 University of Washington
  
 
美国大学中代表性的大学的课程设置和申请要求
1 Art Center College of Design
 
Graduate degrees through four distinct programs: Graduate Art, Broadcast Cinema, Graduate Industrial Design (http://gradid.net/category/curriculum/) and Graduate Media Design
 
录取基调:Admission to Art Center is based on a strong portfolio and a sound academic record in high school or college. Although the program of study focuses primarily on the visual arts, a student’s academic record often indicates seriousness of attitude and conceptual ability and motivation.
Undergraduate Portfolio Requirements:
 
Graduate (Graduate Industrial Design) Portfolio Requirements:
http://www.artcenter.edu/accd/admissions/graduate/application_portfolio_requirements/industrial_design.jsp
 
Written essays
A) A letter of intent of not more than 1,000 words focused on the applicant’s motivation for pursuing graduate study in Industrial Design at Art Center, discussing personal goals for the future after completion of the program, and views regarding any specific areas of interest within the field.

B) Project proposal: $10 million and two years. Description of a program of activity that the candidate would (hypothetically) propose to work on if given an open budget of $10 million and two years to work on a project of their choice.

 
 
2. Carnegie Mellon University
 
Industrial Design
Undergraduate Programs: consumer and recreational product design, medical equipment design, transportation design, information/technology design, industrial/manufacturing equipment design, materials/color consulting, design research and design education, human factors
Admissions: http://www.design.cmu.edu/show_admissions.php?s=5&t=1
 
Master’s Programs
The Master of Design (MDes) degree may be earned in Communication Planning & Information Design (CPID) or Interaction Design (IxD). We also jointly offer a program with the Department of Mechanical Engineering, leading to the Master of Product Development (MPD) degree. (See “Program Descriptions” below for more information.)

 

 
3. UC-LA
 
 
 
4. Pratt Institute
Undergraduate Programs:
 
Graduate Programs
 
 
5. New School Univ.–Parsons School of Design
 
Undergraduate Programs:
Admissions: 需要注意的特殊要求(除去Portfolio):
1 WES 认证
 
2 The Parsons Challenge: This exercise is required of all applicants. The Parsons Challenge helps the Admission Committee understand how a potential student structures and conveys ideas.
Interpret your discovery through 3 pieces of art using any medium. Support each piece of art with an essay of approximately 250 words each. The series you create should convey a conceptual and creative response of the subject matter you have chosen to discover.
 
 
Graduate Programs:
 
What does an Industrial Design do? (工业设计的工作职责)
工业设计的步骤:
Industrial designers deal with the aesthetics and ergonomics of products, anything from household products to medical equipment and consumer electronics. We start with design exploration and conceptual sketching to put rough ideas on paper. Then we narrow down the solutions for our presentation to the client. We meet with the client, and the client chooses their favorites.
In the design refinement phase, we do computer renderings of the selected designs, using either Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator or a 3-D surface modeling program like Rhino. At this point, we develop mockups of the designs and present those to the client, and those are further narrowed down to the final choice.
In the design finalization phase, we continue with 3-D geometry development and further refinement of the design. The design then moves into engineering.
 
 
工业设计就业前景:
国内(以上海为例):最近几年,随着创意产业的崛起,为求职者提供了广阔的发展空间。目前上海创意产业从业人员占总就业人口的比例还不到千分之一,而纽约的这一比例为12%,伦敦为14%,东京为15%。来自就业市场的信息显示,上海创意产业对环境设计、建筑设计、服装设计、软件设计等设计人才的需求不断看涨。
 
国外(以美国为例):According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, industrial designers held about 48,000 jobs in 2006. While they predict that the number of jobs will grow seven percent by 2016, aspiring industrial designers can expect to face strong competition in the job market.
Industrial Design Career Salaries
Several factors influence what you will earn in your industrial design career. Your geographic location, company size, education and experience will play a part in determining your industrial design career salary. The following table shows what the middle 50 percent of industrial designers make at various experience levels:
Years Experience
Salaries for Middle 50%
0 – 2 years
$42,641 – $54,886
2 – 4
$50,413 – $67,574
4+ years
$62,382 – $80,171
 
Fashion Design
Fashion design is the art of the application of design and aesthetics or natural beauty to clothing and accessories. Fashion design is influenced by cultural and social latitudes, and has varied over time and place. Fashion designers work in a number of ways in designing clothing and accessories.
 
附:
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